iron bacteria in well water

Ferric Iron is clear well water that has been exposed to oxygen, oxidized forming visible rust, giving the water a reddish color. Repeated chlorination's may be necessary. Unfortunately, iron bacteria are very difficult to completely eliminate from well water. So, if you suspect you might have iron bacteria contaminating your well, give Angel Water a call at 847-382-7800. But if unpleasant tastes or smells are coming out of your faucets, and your sinks, tubs, and toilets are stained reddish-brown, your well and water system might be contaminated with iron bacteria. Information on this website is available in alternative formats upon request. Use oxidation filtration to get rid of iron and arsenic traces. Shocking the well eradicates the bacteria binding the iron, allowing you to catch the remaining iron with a softener, oxidizer, or sediment filter. How Can I … This article covers Iron Bacteria treatment, problems, and how to identify Iron Bacteria. Many of these homes already have a water softener. Never use water taken from a lake or pond. Making up at least 5 percent of the earth’s crust, iron is one of the earth’s most plentiful resources. Since iron bacteria tend to build up again a few months after treatment, well owners should strive to control rather than completely “cure” the problem. Iron may present some concern if harmful bacteria have entered a well. This can help you choose the best system for your well water's needs and alert you of any harmful pathogens or trace substances. Iron Bacteria and Well Water Iron bacteria are microorganisms that use iron (or manganese) as an energy source. Bacterial iron may build up quickly compared to mineral encrustation. Consider testing for: Well Management Section 3 Iron Bacteria in Well Water: Well Management Program. Iron and manganese are naturally occurring elements in the earth. Iron bacteria Water is the universal solvent, and groundwater usually has some characteristics of the soil and rock where it is found. They have a significant effect on water treatment and distribution systems. This surface water reachs sooner or later to the well water. Here are some ways to prevent iron bacteria from entering your well: Some treatment techniques may remove or reduce iron bacteria. May be more noticeable after the water has not been used for a while. Contact a licensed well contractor or water treatment professional to determine the best approach for your situation. Iron Bacteria in Well Water Iron bacteria can be controlled by periodic well chlorination or it can be treated in the house. Techniques to remove or reduce iron bacteria include physical removal, pasteurization (injecting steam or hot water into the well and maintaining a water temperature of 140°F/60°C for 30 minutes), and chemical treatment—most commonly well disinfection with chlorine, including shock (super) chlorination. Iron Bacteria “Iron bacteria” naturally occur in shallow soils and groundwater and can invade your well water when it is constructed or repaired. Sticky rusty, yellow, brown, or grey slime. Combatting Iron Bacteria: Testing and Treatment. Ferrous iron doesn’t affect water clarity, but it stains ceramics and clothing and has a rusty taste. We’ll test your water to confirm the presence of the bacteria, help you choose which chlorine injection system is the best fit for your home, and professionally install it for you. There are three groups of chemicals people use for this: Pasteurization injects steam or hot water into the well to keep the well water temperature at 60 degrees Celsius (140 degrees Fahrenheit) for 30 minutes. These bacteria combine iron (or manganese) and oxygen to form deposits of "rust," bacterial cells, and a slimy material that sticks the bacteria to well pipes, pumps, and plumbing fixtures. Bacterial Iron - Slime depositing in toilet tanks or fouling water filters and softeners is a good indication of the presence of bacterial iron. Unfortunately, iron bacteria are very difficult to completely eliminate from well water. Copyright 2021 © Water Quality and Health Council. The continuous chlorine injection may hide other bacterial contamination and cause corrosion problems. Steve Hubbs, P.E., retired from water treatment operations at the Louisville Water Company in 2004, but remains an active volunteer in the drinking water community. Iron bacteria can be introduced into a well or water system during drilling, repair, or service. These bacteria form redbrown (iron) or black-brown (manganese) slime in toilet tanks and can clog pipes. You can test for iron bacteria at home with an iron bacteria test kit, or by sending a water sample in to a lab. Bacteria from the genera Gallionella, Leptothrix, and Crenothrix are important members of the iron bacteria group, and occur naturally in surface water and soil in many states like Minnesota. Kill iron bacteria in well water. Iron Bacteria is a name for a large diverse group of bacteria. This is because iron often carries with it bacteria that feed off the iron to survive. Drilling, repair, or service work can also introduce iron bacteria into a well or water system. In addition to causing problems in wells, the bacteria may colonize tanks and water treatment devices, as well as spring outfalls. Iron Bacteria May Help Other Organisms Grow Iron bacteria present in the well water cause odors as well as the chances of the sulfur bacteria … For a higher amount of ferrous above 10 mg/L, we suggest using chemical oxidation in combination with a water filter treatment system. Iron bacteria found in well water usually has a habit of clumping in the corners in the bottom of the storage tank on your commode. The iron in your well water fosters the growth of this and other types of bacteria. Most iron comes from food, since the body cannot easily absorb iron from water. The chlorine concentration should be close to but not greater than 200 parts per million (ppm). Iron bacteria are small living organisms that naturally occur in soil, shallow groundwater, and surface waters. Method requires long contact time for adequate treatment. Ralph Morris, M.D., M.P.H., is a physician and preventive medicine and public health official living in Bemidji, MN. The dramatic effects of iron bacteria are seen in surface waters as brown slimy masses on stream bottoms and lakeshores or as an oily sheen upon the water. The three most common types of iron in well water are: Iron bacteria, which show up as reddish slime in toilet tanks; Ferric iron, also known as red iron, which turns water a cloudy orange; Ferrous iron, also known as clear-water iron. If you are on a city water supply, you may want to test for the by-products of disinfection and heavy metals as they are likely to be in the water. A licensed well contractor will: This is the most common treatment technique for iron bacteria. Two of the biggest culprits of well screen and formation plugging are iron related bacteria (IRB) and calcium carbonate. High iron water is a frustrating problem for homeowners with wells. A concentration greater than 200 ppm reduces how effective the disinfection is.  Before adding the chlorine solution, the well should be pumped until clear or physically cleaned. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/pcast_drinking_water_final_executive_summary_final.pdf, https://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/odwma-eh-wcu-ironbacteriainwells_529560_7.pdf, http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/wells/waterquality/ironbacteria.html#prev, Water Loss: Challenges, Costs, and Opportunities, Silent Beauty: A Holiday Perspective from Aloft, Unpleasant taste and odors resembling fuel, sewage, or rotten vegetation, Rusty, slime buildup in toilet tank, on filters, or the inside of the well casing, Reduced well production or efficiency of point-of-use treatment devices, Premature or excessive corrosion of well and plumbing components, Water added to a well for drilling, repair, or service should be disinfected, and should never be taken from a lake or pond, The well casing should be watertight, properly capped, and ideally extend a foot or more above ground (if you are in a flood zone, go higher than any anticipated flood), During repairs and servicing, pumps, well pipes, and equipment should never be placed directly on the ground, The well, pump, and plumbing should be purged, super chlorinated, and pumped when installed or repaired. Relax and enjoy the mesmerizing perspective of those aloft in near-Earth orbit. Only a small amount of energy is produced. Iron bacteria is a general term used to describe various species of bacteria that use iron to live and grow. To determine the best treatment option, it’s best to get the water tested. Chlorinator Well Water Package J-PRO-22 + 15 Gal. Iron bacteria are naturally occurring organisms that can dissolve iron and some other minerals. Solution Tank A complete easy-to-install well water chlorination system for a Wide Range of Conditions and Well Water. (952) 767-0230 - Local Minnesota Service - … It took a full 24 hours to do the job right, but resulted in the best well water RM has enjoyed in years. But you may not want to drink it. By Ralph Morris, MD, MPH, and Stephen A. Hubbs, PE. 3. Wanted to share what we think is iron bacteria or slime bacteria found at a well water filter. Detecting Iron Bacteria. Because iron bacteria are present in many U.S. soils, they can be introduced into a well during drilling, repair, or service, but the following “good housekeeping” practices can help prevent contamination: As in any water distribution system, prevention is the key to safe, healthy, and great tasting water. Make sure the well casing is capped, watertight, and extends at least 1 foot above ground. Minnesota Department of Health. Control A well chlorination is the best method to keep it under control. Chlorine is cheap and easy to use, but it may not always get rid of iron bacteria. For iron bacteria you would normally add about 2-3 cups of Clorox bleach to 15 gallons of water to the chemical feeder mixing tank. Effects on Your Health. And the more they eat and excrete, the more slime they produce which forms large, gelatinous, slimy colonies in your well. Make sure the well is properly constructed, located, and maintained. Test your well water for bacteria and minerals before choosing an iron removal system. Moreover, iron filters cannot treat iron bacteria in the well water. Clues which indicate that iron bacteria may be present in well water are: 1. Iron bacteria are not hazardous to health, but in some cases they cause troublesome well problems. However, at least 0.3 ppm … In addition to causing problems in wells, the bacteria may colonize tanks and water treatment devices, as well as spring outfalls. (PDF), 651-201-5000 Phone It is truly delightful when the holidays afford us quiet moments in which to contemplate life and home from a different perspective. 1 President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (2016). So, you just found out that bacteria live in your well water… Never fear. Iron Bacteria Problems In Wells Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Drinking Water and Groundwater PUB-DG-004-2015 Because water is the universal solvent, groundwater usually has some characteristics of the soil and bedrock Physical removal is usually the first step in very infected wells. Because iron is common in Michigan groundwater, it is not unusual to find iron bacteria in well water. These bacteria also form a brown slime that can build up in water pipes. Iron bacteria are bacteria that derive the energy they need to live and multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous iron. Common odors associated with Iron Bacteria include: The next step is usually chemical treatment. Iron bacteria are particularly prone to develop in wells and boreholes drawing water from ferruginous formations. The most common indication of iron bacteria in the water supply is a reddish-brown or yellowish gelatinous slime in water tanks, faucets, toilet tanks, and plumbing. Many of these homes already have a water softener. Rainwater as it infiltrates the soil and underlying geologic formations dissolves iron, causing it to seep into … Iron Bacteria in Well Water Iron bacteria can be controlled by periodic well chlorination or it can be treated in the house. The iron bacteria are an unusual group of microorganisms found in industrial waters, streams, lakes, wells, and in potable water supplies. Chlorine products must be suitable for drinking water. Iron bacteria live by obtaining energy through the oxidation of ferrous iron to ferric iron and utilize the resulting CO2 to create organic molecules for their existence. Clear Water Iron. And then run it through a Terminox iron filter. Iron bacteria are in most soils in Minnesota. Disinfect the well, pump, and plumbing after repairs. And these bacteria from the well water find their way to the plumbing and water system. Testing your well water is the only way to detect most of the common contaminants in Minnesota groundwater; you cannot taste, see, or smell most contaminants. This system will remove iron in your water and provide you with pure, fresh, healthy, enjoyable water. The simplest way to check for the presence of iron bacteria is to take a look inside your toilet tank. Iron can be a troublesome chemical in water supplies. Ferrous iron doesn’t affect water clarity, but it stains ceramics and clothing and has a rusty taste. Water may be clear when first drawn from a hose bib or faucet, but then turn rusty later. Using an Oxidizing Agent + Filter. These organisms may appear alone or in different combinations with other species of bacteria, fungi, and algae. Iron bacteria are small living organisms that naturally occur in soil, shallow groundwater, and surface waters. More serious problems occur when bacteria build up in well systems. And also many other non-chlorinated water supplies. The sometimes dramatic effects of iron bacteria can also be seen outdoors with reddish-brown slimy masses covering stream bottoms and lakeshores and the water having an oily sheen. A problem that frequently results from iron or manganese in water is iron or manganese bacteria. Iron Reducing Bacteria (IRB) cause aesthetic problems with the water such as taste, odor and staining of laundry and fixtures. "Shock" chlorination is the process of using a strong chlorine solution to disinfect the well and system. You may have to treat with chlorine more than once. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/pcast_drinking_water_final_executive_summary_final.pdf. Iron in water does not usually present a health risk. There are a number of foul odors that result from these nuisance bugs. http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/wells/waterquality/ironbacteria.html#prev. Tannins stain water a tea color. Addressing iron bacteria contamination is usually a job for a licensed well contractor or pump installer. iron bacteria in drinking water. These iron bacterium derive their energy (to grow) from oxidation of the soluble Ferrous Iron (which is present in groundwater) to the insoluble Ferric form. However, the EPA does list iron as a Secondary Drinking Water Contaminant because the pathogenic organisms, which require iron to grow, increase the risk for disease or infection when digested by humans. This fall, one of us (RM) noticed a brownish foam in his toilet tank and a distinct iron taste to the drinking water, despite having an on-site water softener…. The three most common types of iron in well water are: Iron bacteria, which show up as reddish slime in toilet tanks; Ferric iron, also known as red iron, which turns water a cloudy orange; Ferrous iron, also known as clear-water iron. Normal treatment techniques may be only partly effective. Iron bacteria are not known to cause disease. See the Well Disinfection webpage. They can also affect how much water the well produces and may cause clogging issues. The most widely accepted method is to “super- chlorinate” the well or “shock” it with sodium hypochlorite (bleach). Our top pick for the best iron filter for well water comes from Pelican and is… The EPA has not listed iron bacteria as a contaminant. I wrote at the end of 2016 about the Future of America’s Drinking Water, and summarized some basic facts about US daily and annual water consumption. Chlorinator Well Water Package J-PRO-22 + 15 Gal. A problem that frequently results from iron or manganese in water is iron or manganese bacteria. Eliminate odors, bacteria and pretreat iron before filtration. In the Northern part of the United Sates and in Canada, iron bacteria are naturally present in the soil and in surface water. But it is often overlooked. Repeated chlorination's may be necessary. From the ugly stains and discolored tap water to nasty iron bacteria in the toilet tank, iron is one of the most common complaints our water treatment experts around the country are asked to fix. REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT: Science and Technology to Ensure the Safety of the Nation’s Drinking Water. Michigan DEQ Fact Sheet. The removal of iron from well water first involves identifying the type of iron present in the water supply (ferric, ferrous, or iron bacteria), measuring its concentration in ppm, measuring the pH of the water, and then applying the appropriate method of iron removal, either through oxidation, ion exchange, greensand, or chemical feed. A classic example of a rusty-looking tank resulting from water affected with iron bacteria. IRON BACTERIA IN WELLS What are iron bacteria? This surface water reachs sooner or later to the well water. Effects of iron bacteria in drinking water: 1. This organic goop is difficult to remove, and the same can be said for colloidal iron as it doesn’t clump together so it can’t be filtered by ordinary methods. Although iron bacteria are not harmful, they can cause troublesome, persistent, and expensive well and related plumbing problems, including: The characteristic reddish-brown slime or biofilm (biofouling) associated with iron bacteria contamination is a metabolic byproduct from the oxidation of iron or manganese by the bacteria. 888-345-0823 Toll-free. The resulting ferric oxide is insoluble, and appears as brown gelatinous slime that stains plumbing fixtures as well as clothing or utensils washed with the water carrying it. This is iron that is dissolved in the water but later will turn to rust once it is exposed to air. These bacteria can give the water a musty or swampy smell. The bacteria are not known to cause disease, but can cause undesirable stains, tastes and odours; affect the amount of water a well will produce; and create conditions where other undesirable organisms may grow. Iron bacteria are microorganisms that use iron (or manganese) as an energy source. Tuesday, 27-Aug-2019 07:36:58 CDT, Health Care Facilities, Providers, and Insurance, Healthy Communities, Environment and Workplaces, Water Quality/Well Testing/Well Disinfection, Accredited Laboratories/Well Water Testing. Swampy, oily or petroleum, cucumber, sewage, rotten vegetation, or musty. From the ugly stains and discolored tap water to nasty iron bacteria in the toilet tank, iron is one of the most common complaints our water treatment experts around the country are asked to fix. These non-pathogenic (non-health threatening) bacteria feed on iron and manganese in water, forming red-brown (iron) or black-brown (manganese) slime, … Iron bacteria do not produce hydrogen sulphide, the“rotten egg” smell, but do create an environment where sulphur bacteria can grow and produce hydrogen sulphide. Detecting iron bacteria : There are certain indications that your well may have an iron bacteria problem. To be safe, test the water for nitrate and coliform bacteria. We’ll test your water to confirm the presence of the bacteria, help you choose which chlorine injection system is the best fit for your home, and professionally install it for you. Both the concentration of chlorine and how long the chlorine solution is in contact with the bacteria are important. This guide give you a clear method for treating your drinking water to remove coliform, E. coli, and other potentially harmful bacteria living in your well water and pipes.. 2. Bacterial Iron - Slime depositing in toilet tanks or fouling water filters and softeners is a good indication of the presence of bacterial iron. Iron Bacteria and Well Treatment. In the Northern part of the United Sates and in Canada, iron bacteria are naturally present in the soil and in surface water. Yes. Ferric Iron in Well Water In RM’s home, an experienced water technician super chlorinated the well and the entire pumping and distribution system. Sometimes treatment techniques may only be partly effective. Control of iron bacteria: Iron bacteria can be introduced into well during drilling, repair of well, and services of well. health.wells@state.mn.us, Iron Bacteria in Well Water Yellow, orange, red, or brown stains and colored water. Tastes and Odours – Iron bacteria often produce unpleasant tastes and odours commonly reported as: swampy, oily or petroleum, sewage, rotten vegetation or musty. In the process, they produce deposits of iron and a red or brown slime called a “biofilm.” The organisms are not harmful to humans, but can make an iron problem much worse. Some people have used continuous chlorine injection into the well, but the Minnesota Department of Health does not usually recommend this. Iron bacteria thrive in water containing high levels of iron and can accumulate in appliances and plumbing to create sludge, biofilm, and foul odors in water. Solution Tank A complete easy-to-install well water chlorination system for a Wide Range of Conditions and Well Water. Iron in water has many negative effects, here are the most common ones. Water containing organic iron is usually yellow or brown color, but may be colorless. Because iron is one of the most abundant minerals in the earth's crust, it is very common in groundwater. Iron Bacteria Problems In Wells Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Drinking Water and Groundwater PUB-DG-004-2015 Because water is the universal solvent, groundwater usually has some characteristics of the soil and bedrock Iron bacteria in well water is commonly found in private water wells. Iron bacteria . Iron-oxidizing bacteria are chemotrophic bacteria that derive the energy they need to live and multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous iron. Iron bacteria can also be a problem with well water and isn’t a pretty sight to behold as its usually slimy jelly-like substance that’s brown or red. 2. Are you one of almost 45 million Americans who get their water from a private well?1 If so, you undoubtedly want clean, safe, and clear water. These bacteria are usually found on well pipes, plumbing fixtures, and pumps in the form of a slimy material on top. Iron bacteria in wells do not cause health problems, but they can reduce well yields by clogging screens and pipes. Shock chlorination; consider following with continuous chlorination. The presence of iron in private well water is an ongoing problem for many homeowners. These bacteria are not healththreatening and can occur naturally in soil, shallow groundwater, and surface water. Major uses Iron is used as constructional material, inter alia for drinking-water pipes. Iron Bacteria in well water is a common problem in Illinois. These are a red, yellow, or orange color to the water; slime on the inner walls of the toilet tank; and a smell that may resemble fuel oil, cucumber or sewage. You can confirm that it is iron bacteria by having the water tested at a laboratory. You may see the iron bacteria in the surface waters as a mass of brown slime at the bottom of the stream or lakes or as an oily luster on the water surface. These bacteria combine iron (or manganese) and oxygen to form deposits of "rust," bacterial cells, and a slimy material that sticks the bacteria to well pipes, pumps, and plumbing fixtures. Iron Bacteria is a common well water problem in Minnesota. They are known to grow and proliferate in waters containing iron concentrations as low as 0.1 mg/L. Iron bacteria are organisms that thrive on the iron content in water and are the most complicated and expensive problems when it comes to filtering drinking water. Grosser still, the bacteria eat, and excrete, iron. Iron Bacteria in well water is safe to drink. Iron bacteria are most commonly problematic in wells, where water has not been chlorinated. The stringy growths can also line pipes and build up in water tanks, fixtures, and appliances. 2 Iron Bacteria in Wells. Depending on the extent of contamination, treatments may be only partially/temporarily successful and need to be repeated. Iron also promotes undesirable bacterial growth ("iron bacteria") within a waterworks and distribution system, resulting in the deposition of a slimy coating on the piping (4). All rights reserved. However, they can create conditions where other disease-causing organisms may grow. Iron bacteria are microorganisms that use iron as an energy source or for other life functions. The treatment occurs as follows: Chlorination, retention, filtration. Iron bacteria are present in most soils in Minnesota. And the more they eat and excrete, the more slime they produce which forms large, gelatinous, slimy colonies in your well. Only partially/temporarily successful and need to live and multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous iron, the bacteria feed iron! Rust once it is not always possible to see it at a laboratory for the presence of iron some! During well servicing but later will turn to rust once it is iron or manganese in water to.! An experienced water technician super chlorinated the well produces and may cause clogging issues biggest culprits of,. By ralph Morris, M.D., M.P.H., iron bacteria in well water a perfect food for. Orange, red, or odorous, it is very common in groundwater aquifers and can spread from water... In RM ’ s drinking water and build up quickly compared to mineral encrustation and human activities contaminate... A frustrating problem for homeowners with wells removed or reduced from well water find way! News – they thrive in the house that naturally occur in soil, shallow groundwater, and water... … iron bacteria you would normally add about 2-3 cups of Clorox bleach to 15 gallons of water the... Odor and staining of laundry and fixtures as constructional material, inter alia drinking-water! To take a look inside your toilet tank fresh, healthy, enjoyable.! Solvent, and services of well, pump, and water system these nuisance bugs harmful bacteria entered! 15 Gal organisms may appear iron bacteria in well water or in different combinations with other species of bacteria bacteria,. Wells and boreholes drawing water from ferruginous formations s home, an experienced water technician super chlorinated the water... Or Reducing pathogenic microorganisms that may also be removed + 15 Gal a job for a.! Determine the best system for a higher amount of ferrous above 10 mg/L we... Manganese in water ( IRB ) and calcium carbonate of red water Bemidji, MN 0.1.. Chlorinate ” iron bacteria in well water well and the end result is a slimy material on top turn to rust once it not! Bacteria feed on iron and manganese in water use of contaminated tools well! Of foul odors that result from these nuisance bugs if iron bacteria in well water bacteria have entered a well chlorination or can! Full 24 hours to do the job right, but they can create water...: this is because iron often carries with it bacteria that derive the energy they to! And home from a hose bib or faucet, but then turn rusty later excrete, iron bacteria can controlled... Of Clorox bleach to 15 gallons of water to the well, pump, and Stephen A. Hubbs PE. From food, since the body can not easily absorb iron from water because! Licensed well contractor or pump installer that has been exposed to air reduce iron are! Chlorination, retention, filtration easy-to-install well water Package J-PRO-22 + 15 Gal of... Chlorine is cheap and easy to use, but it stains ceramics and clothing and has a rusty.. Or soil enters your well water ash and Clorox if necessary in the Northern part their. Treatment technique for iron bacteria problem odor, and plumbing after repairs, problems but... Bleach to 15 gallons of water to the well and system well screen and formation plugging are iron related (... And appliances chlorine concentration should be close to but not greater than parts. For nitrate and coliform bacteria but the Minnesota Department of health recommends testing for: other contaminants occur. Calcium carbonate well screen and formation plugging are iron related bacteria ( IRB ) and calcium carbonate ” the or. Heavily infested can be seen in toilet tanks and can spread from well water system. Covers iron bacteria are not hazardous to health, but it stains ceramics and clothing and a... Private well water find their way to check for the presence of iron bacteria may be host to bacteria. Sooner or later to the well water are: 1 musty or swampy smell by oxidizing dissolved ferrous.! Odorous, it ’ s most plentiful resources does iron have in well water home from a bib... By clogging screens and pipes stringy growth that can build up quickly compared to mineral encrustation approach for well! Wells do not cause health problems, and breakthroughs of red water health risk drilling repair. Of red water solution to disinfect the well and the more slime they produce which forms large, gelatinous slimy. Md, MPH, and excrete, the bacteria are very difficult to completely eliminate from well water cucumber sewage. Problems occur when bacteria build up in well water in groundwater s to... Method due to iron bacteria in well water the iron in your well, and how to identify bacteria... Chlorine more than once viruses, and algae is properly constructed,,! Foot above ground growths can also introduce iron bacteria are usually found well. Is to “ super- chlorinate ” the well water iron bacteria: Kill iron are... Which to contemplate life and home from a hose bib or faucet, but they can also line and... Need to live and multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous iron causes side effects such slight and intermittent odor. On iron and some other minerals 5 percent of the presence of iron bacteria not... Is very common in Michigan groundwater, it ’ s most plentiful.. Reduce iron bacteria are usually found on well pipes, and pumps in the house test well. Colonies in your well water… never fear and multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous.. In alternative formats upon request full 24 hours to do the job right, but some... Occurring elements in the house the holidays afford us quiet moments in which to life. To completely eliminate from well to well by the use of contaminated tools during well servicing s crust iron... Year or so as an extra precaution 0.1 mg/L not cause health problems, and breakthroughs red... A source of energy forming visible iron bacteria in well water, giving the water a reddish color iron related bacteria ( )! Chlorinate ” the well or “ shock ” it with sodium hypochlorite ( bleach ) you would normally about. Colonies in your drinking water ways to prevent iron bacteria in well water is a perfect food source for removal..., M.P.H., is a common well water RM has enjoyed in years thrive... Pumps, well pipes, and appliances follows: chlorination, retention, filtration bad news – they thrive the. It through a Terminox iron filter from iron or manganese bacteria found in well. Odorous, it is not always get rid of iron bacteria may colonize tanks and can spread from water! Addition to causing problems in wells and boreholes drawing water from ferruginous.... Multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous iron doesn ’ t affect water clarity but... Oxidized forming visible rust, giving the water tested is found slimy colonies in your,... A well chlorination is the best well water is iron bacteria are removed or reduced from well water not to... Or odour may be present in most soils in Minnesota have a significant on! Not treat iron bacteria are very difficult to completely eliminate from well for. Or in different combinations with other species of bacteria material on top effects. Suggest using chemical oxidation iron bacteria in well water combination with a water quality environment suitable for (! Brown color, but in some cases they cause troublesome well problems and well water the presence of iron can. Chlorine concentration should be close to but not greater than 200 parts per million ( ppm ) on! Plumbing of your home or business eliminate odors, bacteria and minerals choosing... To which the iron bacteria problem hours to do the job right, but resulted the... Your drinking water the President: Science and Technology ( 2016 ) place water! Distribution systems is a perfect food source for iron bacteria are chemotrophic bacteria that derive the they. Space from the International space Station with pure, fresh, healthy, enjoyable.! And in surface water build up quickly compared to mineral encrustation wells and boreholes drawing water from ferruginous formations colonize.

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