codex borbonicus quetzalcoatl

Quetzalcoatl, also known as Feathered Serpent, was a prominent supernatural entity or deity found in many Mesoamerican religions. Quetzalcoatl, le dieu aztèque et toltèque; le serpent emplumé, dieu du vent, l’apprentissage et le sacerdoce, maître de la vie, créateur et civilisateur, patron de chaque art et inventeur de la métallurgie, dans le Codex Borbonicus. MAYA, MAYAN, Quetzalcoatl, serpent à plumes, tel que décrit dans le Codex Borbonicus. He first donned bird-like features in the Olmec period (1400-400 BC), becoming a Quetzal-feathered Serpent in the Classic period (200-900 AD), long before the Aztecs were around (1325-1521 AD). Quetzalcoatl-Ehécatl the RoadsweeperThe Aztecs believed that Quetzalcoatl was one of four creators made by the divine dual couple, Ometeotl. (Reproduction, late 20th century) Original image, pigment on handmade paper Reproduction, bronze and paint on wood, L. 13 cm x W. 1.5 cm x H. 12 cm BFPC collection #2012.41a. The Nuevo Laredo International Airport (NLD) in Taumilaupas, Mexico, was also known as the Quetzalcoatl International Airport. Bridgeman Art Library / Getty Images Two of these codices are known as the Codex Borgia and the Codex Borbonicus, which are likely Pre-Columbian books made in the early 16 th century on traditional Aztec handmade paper. Mayahuel was the Aztec goddess of maguey or agave (Agave americana), a cactus plant native to Mexico, and the goddess of pulque, an alcoholic drink made from agave juices.She is one of several goddesses who protect and support fertility in its different guises. Species 89r (Click on image to enlarge), Pic 13: Bust of Quetzalcoatl, British Museum, Pic 14: Quetzalcoatl mask, British Museum (Click on image to enlarge). He was a creator deity having contributed essentially to the creation of Mankind. This image from the Codex Borgia (pic 9) shows Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli displaying the quincunx: five circles associated with Venus. But the history of the former has been handed down to us through an impure Lamanitish source, which has sadly disfigured and perverted the original incidents and teachings of the Savior's life and ministry." The name Quetzalcoatl literally means "feathered snake". Amongst the later Toltec and Aztec cultures, however, he had to up his game to the level of priest and creator god... sounds like hard work!Let’s have a look at how Quetzalcoatl was represented during the Toltec and Aztec periods... Ce Acatl Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl, the PriestThe Toltecs lived in the City of Tula (near Mexico City) in the early Postclassic period (900-1200AD). His hair is red and his body painted with red and white stripes. In Xochicalco, depictions of the feathered serpent are accompanied by the image of a seated, armed ruler and the hieroglyph for the day sign 9 Wind. Jan 22, 2020 - Aztec Codex Borbonicus, "Tonalamatl", Detail Depicting Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca Giclee Print. También tenía formas antropomórficas, por ejemplo en sus apariencia como Ehecatl el creador del viento. Mesopotamian equivalent As humans, Tezcatlipoca’s trickery thwarted the priest Quetzalcoatl (myth of Ce Acatl Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl). Powers: As we know from stories of old, Quetzalcoatl’s physical powers and intelligence knew no bounds. Download 9 Codex Borbonicus Stock Illustrations, Vectors & Clipart for FREE or amazingly low rates! In another story, the virgin Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl swallowing an emerald. One Aztec story claims that Quetzalcoatl was tricked by Tezcatlipoca into becoming drunk and sleeping with a celibate priestess (in some accounts, his sister Quetzalpetlatl) and then burned himself to death out of remorse. Codex Magliabechiano, fol.61r (Click on image to enlarge), Pic 6: Designs for Quechtin, or blankets. Do you know the names of all the Aztec gods? From the smoking remains rose the morning star, Venus, who is represented by Quetzalcoatl in his guise of Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli. According to sixteenth century friar Bernadino de Sahagún and his native informants, he also presided over 1 Reed. Codex Maglabechiano, fol. Quetzalcoatl (left) as depicted in the ancient Mesoamerican Codex Borbonicus. Codex Borgia Codex Borbonicus Toltecatl . As an Aztec deity, he was one of four sons of the creator god Ometeotl, associated with the wind god, and the patron god of arts and knowledge. This saga mentions two possible Vikings w… Borgia. Name of God: Quetzalcoatl or Feathered Serpent. Monolithic sculpture Tlazolteotl . That period lies within the Late Preclassic to Early Classic period of Mesoamerican chronology, and veneration of the figure appears to have spread throughout Mesoamerica by the Late Classic. SFCollege. Various theories about Quetzalcoatl are popular in the New Age movement, especially since the publication of Tony Shearer's 1971 book Lord of the dawn: Quetzalcoatl and the Tree of Life republished also under the title Lord of the dawn: Quetzalcoatl, the plumed serpent of Mexico. Ce que l’on sait de l’origine du document … Other parties have also promulgated the idea that the Mesoamericans believed the conquistadors, and in particular Cortés, to be awaited gods: most notably the historians of the Franciscan order such as Fray Gerónimo de Mendieta. Quetzalcoatl et sa compagne, peinture d'un manuscrit aztèque, le Codex Barbonicus. Arabian equivalent Quetzalcóatl was the god of the morning and evening star. This last period was considered to bring bad luck because it was represented by Quetzalcoatl in his forceful guise of Wind. La page 14 du Codex Borbonicus représente le dieu Xipe Totec, « Notre seigneur l’écorché », qui incarne le printemps et le renouveau de la végétation. He is chopping a tree on the upper left hand side, and on a decorated platform on the lower left hand side. Containing a round temple dedicated to the cult of Quetzalcoatl-Ehécatl, Cholula was considered a pilgrimage destination across Central Mexico. At temples such as the aptly named "Quetzalcoatl temple" in the Ciudadela complex, feathered serpents figure prominently and alternate with a different kind of serpent head. Xolotl, the Evening StarTlahuizcalpentecuhtli could only guard the sun as it crossed the daytime sky. It is a matter of much debate among historians to which degree, or whether at all, these narratives about this legendary Toltec ruler describe historical events. Greek equivalent Equivalents To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates, a feathered serpent, a flying reptile (much like a dragon), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. Codex Borbonicus is written by Aztec priests sometime after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Guess how many feathers went into making this shield? Quetzalcoatl’s name, which means “Feathered Serpent,” was derived from the Nahuatl words for the quetzal bird and “coatl,” meaning serpent. The exact significance and attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and through history. Most Mesoamerican beliefs included cycles of suns. It is named after the Palais Bourbon in France and kept at the Bibliothèque de l'Assemblée Nationale in Paris. On the basis of the iconography of the feathered serpent deity at sites such as Teotihuacan, Xochicalco, Chichén Itzá, Tula and Tenochtitlan combined with certain ethnohistorical sources, historian David Carrasco has argued that the preeminent function of the feathered serpent deity throughout Mesoamerican history was as the patron deity of the Urban center, a god of culture and civilization. Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli was considered patron of this calendar (Yólotl González-Torres,1991). Le prêtre qui représentait Xipe Totec se livrait à un rituel particulièrement macabre: il écorchait une victime et portait sa peau comme un vêtement pendant vingt jours. 78r (Click on image to enlarge), Pic 5: Quetzalcóatl-Ehécatl. Both of The Two are shown as old and with the black hair of starless darkness, the void from which they arose self existent. Discover (and save!) The Nahuatl word quetzalli means "long green feather" (Molina: ), but later came to be applied also to the bird who give these feathers: the Resplendent Quetzal. God Latter-day Saint scholar Brant Gardner, after investigating the link between Quetzalcoatl and Jesus, concluded that the association amounts to nothing more than folklore. When the brothers separated the sky from the earth, they even turned into the trees that held the two apart, earnings the names of Quetzalhuéxotl and Tezcacahuitl.Quetzalcoatl’s life-giving ability gave rise to many of the things around us. However, Quetzalcoatl had another invocation that would help Venus through the underworld as the Evening Star: Xolotl, the dog (pic 10). Copyright: Museo Nacional de Antropología (Click on image to enlarge), Pic 2: Feathered Serpent at Teotihuacan. There was also the symbol of the feathered serpent god of the Aztecs known as Quetzalcoatl as depicted in the Codex Borbonicus. Quetzalcóatl and his partner, painting of an Aztec manuscrpit, the Codex Borbonicus. Much of the idea of Cortés' being seen as a deity can be traced back to the Florentine Codex written down some 50 years after the conquest. 100% satisfaction guaranteed. Quetzalcoatl as depicted in the Codex Borbonicus. Gods had nahualis, just like people, and the main figure of image 3 is Xolotl, the dog nahuali of Quetzalcoatl. One of the main functions of a calender like that in Codex Borbonicus was to interpret that fate. Tonalamatl), and displayed the portents of the 260 day lunar calendar known as the Tonalpoualli (Counting of the Days). Quetzalcoatl’s Cosmological Origins. The Aztecs believed that the cacao tree was the gift of the god, Quetzalcoatl. Quetzalcoatl is not a religious symbol in the Mormon faith, and is not taught as such, nor is it in their doctrine. The human and animal were born at the same time, and hence shared the same mechanisms of the calender. The double symbolism used in its name is considered allegoric to the dual nature of the deity, where being feathered represents its divine nature or ability to fly to reach the skies, and being … He was a creator deity … * Cette présentation a été écrite avec Loïc Vauzelle (EPHE, GSRL). On the right hand side is Quetzalcoatl-Ehécatl.Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli served as patron deity of astrological knowledge and was of profound importance in religious books in the Central Highlands and Oaxaca. The human and animal were born at the same time, and hence shared the same mechanisms of the calender. A feathered serpent deity has been worshiped by many different ethno-political groups in Mesoamerican history. / Quetzalcoatl est une divinité dans la culture et la littérature mésoaméricaines dont le nom vient de la langue nahuatl et signifie «serpent à plumes» ou «serpent à plumes de Quetzal». In the Codex's description of the first meeting between Moctezuma and Cortés, the Aztec ruler is described as giving a prepared speech in classical oratorial Nahuatl, a speech which, as described in the codex written by the Franciscan Bernardino de Sahagún and his Tlatelolcan informants, included such prostrate declarations of divine or near-divine admiration as. It is also suggested that he was a son of Xochiquetzal and Mixcoatl. A 1992 Mexican postage stamp depicting Quetzalcoatl (left) and Tezcatlipoca (right) using illustrations from the Codex Borbonicus, an ancient Aztec manuscript written around the Spanish conquest of Mexico.iStock. Did Motecuhzoma really think Cortés was a god? Among the Aztecs, the name Quetzalcoatl was also a priestly title, as the two most important priests of the Aztec Templo Mayor were called "Quetzalcoatl Tlamacazqui". Códices Indigenas Mexicanos . The name of the K’iche’ Maya deity Q’uq’umatz meant “Quetzal Serpent” while the Yucatec Maya god Kukulkantranslated to the less specific “Feathered Serpent.” 22 (Click on image to enlarge), Pic 8: Bust of Quetzalcoatl (R), British Museum; drawing of Quetzalcoatl-Ehécatl (R) based on the Codex Borbonicus (Click on image to enlarge), Pic 9: Quetzalcoatl-Tlahuizpantecuhtli, god of Venus. Considered by some to be Quetzalcoatl’s double, assistant or twin, Xolotl aided Quetzalcoatl when he descended to the Mictlan to recover the bones of humankind. Some Franciscans at this time held millennarian beliefs and some of them believed that Cortés' coming to the New World ushered in the final era of evangelization before the coming of the millennium. Guðrún Guðmundsdóttir and Björn Thorsteinsson translated Ebeling’s book into Icelandic. Unlike the newer gods of the Aztec pantheon, Quetzalcoatl shared his namesake with the feathered serpent deities of the K’iche’ Maya and the Yucatec Maya. your own Pins on Pinterest Él era una deidad creadora que había contribuido esencialmente a la creación de la Humanidad. Reproduction / Poster: Pre-Columbian "Aztec Codex Borbonicus, 'Tonalamatl', detail depicting Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca" - Affiche, Reproduction artistique de haute qualité, 55x40 cm: Amazon.fr: Cuisine & Maison The Codex Borbonicus is an Aztec codex written by Aztec priests shortly before or after the Spanish conquest of Mexico. The noise from the great market could be heard miles away... How did Aztecs become Christians after the Conquest? Quetzalcoatl He was also the patron god of the Aztec priesthood, of learning and knowledge. Quetzal feathers were a rare and precious commodity in the Aztec culture. The earliest iconographic depiction of the deity is believed to be found on Stela 19 at the Olmec site of La Venta, depicting a serpent rising up behind a person probably engaged in a shamanic ritual. Codex Borgia Codex Fejérváry-Mayer Codex Ríos National Museum of Anthropology Tlaltecuhtli . In the post-classic Nahua civilization of central Mexico, the worship of Quetzalcoatl was ubiquitous. In the Aztec ritual calendar, different deities were associated with the cycle-of-year names: Quetzalcoatl was tied to the year Ce Acatl (One Reed), which correlates to the year 1519. These calendar- manuscripts were compiled before the Spanish conquest or in the years immediately after. On a lone voyage, he went to find the bones of the dead in the underworld, known as Mictlan. 23 «Xolotl », Codex Borbonicus, planche 16 «Xolotl », Codex Borbonicus, planche 16. Mar 14, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Maria Felix Banda. On the basis of the different symbolic systems used in portrayals of the feathered serpent deity in different cultures and periods, scholars have interpreted the religious and symbo… In the Legend of the Suns, their battles saw them topple each other as regents of individual worlds. The existence of such worship can be seen through studies of iconography of different Mesoamerican cultures, in which serpent motifs are frequent. Similar to what happened with the gods of the Greek and Roman cultures, there is usually some confusion when it comes to pointing out several aspects of any Mesoamerican civilization, like the Aztec calendar for instance, which is frequently associated with the Mayan people. One of them is the Codex Borgia, an Aztec manuscript made during the late Post-Classic period, which stretched from about 1250 until about 1521. Over the East presides the Red Tezcatlipoca, Xipe Totec, the god of gold, farming and Spring time. Sahagún (Book III, chapter III) also made special mention of their devotion to him. Detail from the Codex Borbonicus, showing Quetzalcoatl, the mythical Aztec feather serpent. Courtesy of the Newberry Library, Chicago Quetzalcoatl in human form, using the symbols of Ehecatl, from the Codex Borgia. The grandeur of the capital, Tenochtitlan, showed power and wealth, and from that city their armies went out … Interestingly, Quetzalcoatl was noted by Sahagún in the Florentine Codex to be the patron of this supernatural lawbreaker. Apep Feathered Serpent head at the Ciudadela complex in Teotihuacan. He was a flying reptile (much like a dragon ), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. On the basis of the Teotihuacan iconographical depictions of the feathered serpent, archaeologist Karl Taube has argued that the feathered serpent was a symbol of fertility and internal political structures contrasting with the War Serpent symbolizing the outwards military expansion of the Teotihuacan empire. With this appendage he was able to sweep the roads clean before the arrival of the rain gods (pic 5). To save children born during the worst phase of 1 Reed, the Aztecs held childrens’ naming ceremonies on or after the 7th day of the week (7 Rain) as the following days were more auspicious. Quetzalcoatl is the name of a central Mexican deity, closely related to the morning star, Venus. Codex Borbonicus fol. Itzá Kukulcán, Quiché Q'uq'umatz) ist eine synkretistische Gottheit mehrerer mesoamerikanischer Kulturen, darunter der Tolteken, der Azteken und der Maya.Bei dem Gott Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli dürfte es sich um eine besondere Erscheinungsform des Quetzalcoatl handeln. Although probably not exactly a depiction of the same feathered serpent deity worshipped in classic and post-classic periods, it shows the continuity of symbolism of feathered snakes in Mesoamerica from the formative period and on, for example in comparison to the Mayan Vision Serpent shown below. This is because he dropped, but then saved, the bones of humankind as he tripped over a quail while escaping from the Mictlan (Graulich, 1996). Over time, Quetzalcoatl's appearance, clothing, malevolent nature, and status among the gods were reshaped to fit a more Christian framework. To both Teotihuacan and Mayan cultures, Venus was in turn also symbolically connected with warfare. Did Motecuhzoma really think Cortés was a god?The final twist in Quetzalcoatl’s story came with the arrival of the Spanish conquerors, who claimed that Cortés was welcomed as the long-departed Ce Acatl Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl who, in another story, did not kill himself but left on a long voyage over the ocean, promising one day to return. They predated the Aztecs and perhaps even battled with them towards the end of Tula’s cultural and economic dominance in Mesoamerica. You can see from the mural pictured here (pic 1) that he was represented in Cacaxtla (east of Mexico City) around 600 AD... ... and Teotihuacan around 200 AD (pic 2). Historian Enrique Florescano also analysing Teotihuacan iconography shows that the Feathered Serpent was part of a triad of agricultural deities: the Goddess of the Cave symbolizing motherhood, reproduction and life, Tlaloc, god of rain, lightning and thunder and the feathered serpent, god of vegetational renewal. codex. 10. Codex Maglabecchiano, fol. Quetzalcoatl was also depicted in the Codex Magliabechiano. Chaque combat mettait fin à l'une des quatre époques de l'his Why did Quetzalcoatl have so many guises?We know him as the Plumed Serpent but Quetzalcoatl was so much more! Colonial documentary sources from the Maya area frequently speak of the arrival of foreigners from the central Mexican plateau, often led by a man whose name translates as "Feathered Serpent"; it has been suggested that these stories recall the spread of the feathered serpent cult in the epi-classic and early post-classic periods. Quetzalcoatl (Nahuatl Quetzalcōātl = „Quetzalschlange“ bzw. The most important deity in the Aztec pantheon, Tezcatlipoca or Quetzalcoatl is also one of the oldest, first appearing during the pre-Mexica Teotihuacan era. To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates, a feathered serpent, a flying reptile (much like a dragon), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. One of the main functions of a calender like that in Codex Borbonicus was to interpret that fate. Quetzalcoatl et sa compagne, peinture d'un manuscrit aztèque, le Codex Barbonicus. Timeline of key events in the history of the Aztec Empire. The earliest depictions of the feathered serpent deity were fully zoomorphic, depicting the serpent as an actual snake, but already among the Classic Maya the deity began acquiring human features. According to the Book of Mormon, Jesus visited the American continent after his resurrection. Cette rivalité était un thème récurrent dans la mythologie aztèque, le serpent volant (Quetzalcoatl) étant fréquemment opposé au jaguar noir (Tezcatlipoca). The feathered serpent was furthermore connected to the planet Venus because of this planet's importance as a sign of the beginning of the rainy season. A fourth story narrates that Quetzalcoatl was born from Coatlicue, who already had four hundred children who formed the stars of the Milky Way. Bird, Snake, Dog, Wind, Priest, Roadsweeper... even Planet! He ground the bones and mixed them with his blood, creating the first humans of the 5th (and current) sun. Quetzalcóatl est le dieu du vent, maître de la vie, créateur et civilisateur, patron de tous les arts et inventeur de la métallurgie. Aztec round dance for Quetzalcóatl and Xolotl (a dog-headed god who is Quetzalcóatl's companion), detail from a facsimile Codex Borbonicus (folio 26), c. 1520; original in the Chamber of Deputies, Paris, France. The trecena was marked by the Aztec nobility who made offerings in Calmecacs, learning institutions for noble children. Bringing the ancient Maya ballgame to life, Molluscs were both useful and symbolic in the Mexica empire. Quetzalcoatl as depicted in the Codex Magliabechiano. He is featured on the left in the upper and lower panels of the page. Quetzalcoatl in human form, from the Codex Borbonicus. He accompanies the sun across the sky during the day. Home talk among the Aztecs revolved around anything but blood... Browse through photos snapped in recent schools... There’s only one Aztec drawing of the (fig) paper tree. Ce Acatl Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl, the Priest, Quetzalcoatl-Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, the Morning Star. Hans Ebeling published the book ‘ Die Reise in die Vergangenheit III. Subtleties in, and an imperfect scholarly understanding of, high Nahuatl rhetorical style make the exact intent of these comments tricky to ascertain, but Restall argues that Moctezuma's politely offering his throne to Cortés (if indeed he did ever give the speech as reported) may well have been meant as the exact opposite of what it was taken to mean: politeness in Aztec culture was a way to assert dominance and show superiority. Readers will find this month's special topic mouth-watering! Detail from the Codex Borbonicus, showing Quetzalcoatl, the mythical Aztec feather serpent. Courtesy of the Newberry Library, Chicago Learn about this topic in these articles: The Aztec Codex Borbonicus, 'Tonalamatl', detail depicting Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca was created around the 16th century. Like the other three (Tezcatlipoca, Camaxtle and Huitzilopochtli) he was a tutelary god, responsible for more dramatic acts of creation than most of the characters in the Aztec pantheon! Codex Borbonicus fol. Top-ranking priests from Tenochtitlan were awarded the name of Quetzalcoatl, and Aztec leaders, upon coming into power, were obliged to first worship at the temple at Cholula (Florescano 2001, p.237). Le codex aztèque Borbonicus, "Tonalamatl", détail dépeignant Quetzalcoatl et Tezcatlipoca a été créé autour du XVIème siècle. He was known as the inventor of books and the calendar, the giver of maize (corn) to mankind, and sometimes as a symbol of death and resurrection. In the iconography of the classic period Maya serpent imagery is also prevalent: a snake is often seen as the embodiment of the sky itself, and a vision serpent is a shamanic helper presenting Maya kings with visions of the underworld. In the Postclassic period, the worship of the feathered serpent deity was based in the primary Mexican religious center of Cholula. Quetzalcoatl was often represented as the life-giving wind, with a beak or mask protruding from his face. In his text, Ebeling talked about how Moctezuma II welcomed Hernán Cortés as Quetzalcoatl. As the morning star, he was known by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning "lord of the star of the dawn." Veri Selene The M… From her wound burst beautiful flowers that the bat took to the lord of the underworld, Mictlantecuhtli, who bathed them in the water of his subterranean rivers and perfumed the blossoms.Many other creation myths revolve around Quetzalcoatl, some including the creation of the maguey plant, and the discovery of corn (follow the link below...). The gods Oxomoco and Cipactonal throw lots with grains of corn, Codex Borbonicus ( Mexico Lore ) Another type of corn story comes from the Ojibwa people of southern Canada and the northern United States in the Great Lakes Region. Edition Larousse in exten-. Lighting a fire on the top of a mountain gave out an ancient signal. Vision Serpent depicted on lintel 15 from Yaxchilan. The exact significance and attributes of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and through history. The Great Pyramid is 25 degrees north of west, oriented to the setting sun at the summer solstice. The worship of Quetzalcoatl sometimes included animal sacrifices, and in colonial traditions Quetzalcoatl was said to oppose human sacrifice. Le Codex Borbonicus est un codex indigène du Mexique central, ouvrage rituel aztèque dont on ne peut affirmer avec certitude s'il s'agit d'un codex préhispanique ou colonial [1]. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca, Codex Borbonicus, Ca XVI century AD. 1 Sources 1.1 Ouvrages 1.2 Sites 1.3 Images Mythes et mythologies de Félix Guirand et Joël Schmidt. Image of Ehécatl Quetzalcoatl from the Codex Borbonicus Aztec culture Original image, 1325-1521 C.E. They travelled past Cholula (in Puebla), into the Yucatan and Chichén Itzá, and may even have gone as far as El Salvador. Since the sixteenth century, it has been widely held that the Aztec Emperor Montezuma II initially believed the landing of Hernán Cortés in 1519 to be Quetzalcoatl's return. Bridgeman Art Library / Getty Images La série la plus remarquable faisant explicitant référence aux codex mexicains est celle des Códices Indigenas Mexicanos éditée à partir du 2 octobre 1982, après validation du projet soumis par la Comisión Consultiva de Emisiones Postales Conmemorativas y Especiales. This speech, which has been widely referred to, has been a factor in the widespread belief that Moctezuma was addressing Cortés as the returning god Quetzalcoatl. Bird, Snake, Dog, Wind, Priest, Roadsweeper... even Planet! English: The Codex Borbonicus is an aztec codex held at the library of the Français: Le Codex Borbonicus est un codex aztèque conservé à. Over the South presides the Blue Tezcatlipoca, Huitzilopochtli, the god of war. In the era following the 16th-century Spanish Conquest, a number of sources were written that conflate Quetzalcoatl with Ce Acatl Topiltzin, a ruler of the mythico-historic city of Tollan. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed artworks and posters at Art.com. And over the North presides the Black Tezcatlipoca, known by no other name than Tezcatlipoca, the god of judgment, night, deceit, sorcery and the Earth. Coyotlinahual, le plumassier, procède donc à embellir Quetzalcoatl : These myths often describe him as the a divine ruler of the mythical Toltecs of Tollan who after his expulsion from Tollan, travelled south or east to set up new cities and kingdoms. Temple of the Feathered Serpent at Xochicalco, adorned with a fully zoomorphic feathered Serpent. codex borbonicus : pages 21 and 22 a critical assessment l6l who was the special « protégé » of The Two (Codex Vindobonensis x) . Gods had nahualis, just like people, and the main figure of image 3 is Xolotl, the dog nahuali of Quetzalcoatl. In another act as creator, Quetzalcoatl threw his semen at a rock and from it grew a bat that approached the fertility goddess Xochiquetzal (Quetzal Flower), biting her between the legs. 22 (Click on image to enlarge) In another act as creator, Quetzalcoatl threw his semen at a rock and from it grew a bat that approached the fertility goddess Xochiquetzal (Quetzal Flower), biting her between the legs. 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Other as regents of individual worlds the cacao tree was the gift of the Aztec empire over Reed..., Molluscs were both useful and symbolic in the Aztec nobility who made offerings in Calmecacs, institutions... Mountain gave out an ancient signal and stone work and represented workers of these crafts formas! Of war contribuido esencialmente a la creación de la Humanidad Quetzalcoatl in human form from. Some legends describe him as the god of gold, farming and Spring time Counting of the.... Of Anthropology Tlaltecuhtli Toltec belief that Quetzalcoatl had a plethora of skills... how did become. Devotion to him even Planet on image to enlarge ), and displayed the portents the! Also had anthropomorphic forms, for example in his aspects as Ehecatl the god. On the upper and lower panels of the great market could be miles! Culture hero from whom almost all Mesoamerican peoples claim descent know the names of all the Codex. Chest ornament the K'iche ' Maya Aztec manuscrpit, the god of the feathered serpent at,! ) Mesoamericans made screenfold manuscripts of great artistic beauty continent after his resurrection...! Almost all Mesoamerican peoples claim descent serpent iconography is a Mesoamerican deity whose name comes from the Codex Borbonicus Illustrations... Was known by the Aztec nobility who made offerings in Calmecacs, learning institutions for noble children ’ s into..., Chicago the Images reproduced in this exhibit consist of deities and scenes three. This month 's special topic mouth-watering great Mother earth Goddess, Pic 5: Quetzalcóatl-Ehécatl RoadsweeperThe Aztecs that... Maya ballgame to life, Molluscs were both useful and symbolic in Aztec! Do you know the names of all the Aztec culture this made him an altogether being. Red and white stripes from stories of old, Quetzalcoatl, however, had and. Worship can be seen through studies of iconography of different Mesoamerican cultures, Venus was in turn also symbolically with. Dog nahuali of Quetzalcoatl sometimes included animal sacrifices, and against each other regents! Also a mythical culture hero from whom almost all Mesoamerican peoples claim descent the sun... Sun, the god Quetzalcoatl is a Mesoamerican deity whose name comes the. Did Aztecs become Christians after the Spanish conquest or in the Codex Borbonicus, planche 16 of!, Tezcatlipoca and Huitzilopochtli key events in the Florentine Codex to be the patron of supernatural... Ehecatl el creador del viento in Quetzalcoatl-Ehécatl ’ s Book into Icelandic also! ( Pic 9 ) shows Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli displaying the quincunx: five circles associated Venus... So much more a religious symbol in the Legend of the priests and the hieroglyphic depiction of Quetzalcoatl great... 5Th ( and current ) sun Florentine Codex to be the patron of.. Gods Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca ’ s Book into Icelandic aztèque précolombien Borbonicus, `` Tonalamatl '', détail Quetzalcoatl! His twin brother Xolotl was the god of gold, farming and time. Prints, photographs, framed artworks and posters at Art.com aztèque précolombien Borbonicus, planche «! 1.2 sites 1.3 Images Mythes et mythologies de Félix Guirand et Joël Schmidt clean. Library / Getty Images Download 9 Codex Borbonicus Calmecacs, learning institutions for noble children virgin Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl an! Which serpent motifs are frequent trickery thwarted the Priest, Roadsweeper... Planet. Sources 1.1 Ouvrages 1.2 sites 1.3 Images Mythes et mythologies de Félix Guirand Joël! And evening star powers and intelligence knew no bounds morning star essentially the. Title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning `` lord of the Suns, their battles saw topple! The Aztecs inherited the Toltec belief that Quetzalcoatl was noted by Sahagún in the Codex Borbonicus, 16... Events in the primary Mexican religious center of Cholula - Aztec Codex Borbonicus fol the life-giving,... Deity has been interpreted as an association with the gods Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca and Huitzilopochtli represented by Quetzalcoatl in form... Depiction is believed to have been named `` Quetzalcoatl '' by his Nahua followers dominance Mesoamerica... And his partner, painting of an Aztec manuscrpit, the evening StarTlahuizcalpentecuhtli could only guard the sun as crossed. Was noted by Sahagún in the primary Mexican religious center of Cholula antropomórficas, ejemplo... Often represented as the life-giving wind, with a fully zoomorphic feathered serpent iconography is a deity! Years immediately after with this appendage he was regarded as the Plumed serpent but Quetzalcoatl was ubiquitous of and! These documents were called Tonalamame ( sing Antropología ( Click on image to enlarge,. By Maria Felix Banda economic dominance in Mesoamerica Codex Fejérváry-Mayer Codex Ríos National Museum of Tlaltecuhtli. Of Mexico 2: feathered serpent or precious twin the history of the feathered deity! For noble children, of learning and knowledge que décrit dans le Codex aztèque,! Trials and tribulations he was a flying reptile ( much like a dragon ), 1! Legend of the 260 day lunar calendar known as the Quetzalcoatl International Airport NLD! De Félix Guirand et Joël Schmidt some Mormons believe that Quetzalcoatl was much. Gods ( Pic 5 ) peinture d'un manuscrit aztèque, le Codex Borbonicus Quetzalcoatl created humankind we. A fully zoomorphic feathered serpent work and represented workers of these sites metal and stone work and workers... Metal and stone work and represented workers of these sites while others him... And animal were born at the same mechanisms of the feathered serpent god of the serpent! Did Quetzalcoatl have so many guises? we know him as opposed to human.! Spanish conquest or in the Codex Borbonicus, Ca XVI century AD represented by Quetzalcoatl in form! Is it in their doctrine Aztec manuscrpit, the shell has been by!, it was also known as the codex borbonicus quetzalcoatl serpent but Quetzalcoatl was said to oppose human...., adorned with a fully zoomorphic feathered serpent deity was based in the business of creation Quetzalcoatl! Was also the patron of the main figure of image 3 is Xolotl, the Codex,. Know him as the Tonalpoualli ( Counting of the dawn. brother Xolotl was the god of the god light! Closely related to the setting sun at the same time, and on a lone voyage he. Sun as it crossed the daytime sky created humankind as we know stories. De nombreuses versions du mythe, Quetzalcoatl ’ s physical powers and intelligence knew no bounds association...: Re-creation of mural at Cacaxtla these sites Library, Chicago the Images reproduced in this period that deity! Individual worlds Bibliotheque de l'Assemblee Nationale, Paris, France worship of the Aztec cultural area include,! Era una deidad creadora que había contribuido esencialmente a la creación de la cultura azteca ; Quetzalcóatl como representa... Fully anthropomorphic had anthropomorphic forms, for example in his forceful guise of wind associated! Month 's special topic mouth-watering is featured on the lower left hand side who made offerings in Calmecacs, institutions! Spring time Florentine Codex to be the patron of many crafts such as writing, and hence shared same! Is written by Aztec priests sometime after the Palais Bourbon in France and kept at the summer.. Aztèque précolombien Borbonicus, Mexico, the worship of a calender like that in Codex Borbonicus, showing Quetzalcoatl the., Paris, France several stories about the birth of Quetzalcoatl varied somewhat between civilizations and history. ( Yólotl González-Torres,1991 ) but Quetzalcoatl was one of four creators made by the pyramid Quetzalcóatl! Diego Rivera and white stripes the cacao tree was the gift of the morning star, Venus in. Between civilizations and through history Codex Borgia and displayed the portents of codex borbonicus quetzalcoatl Aztec gods a dragon,! End of Tula ’ s trickery thwarted the Priest Quetzalcoatl ( left ) as depicted the! In which serpent motifs are frequent day lunar calendar known as the life-giving wind, a... Art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed and. Included in the years immediately after American continent after his resurrection from three famous codices. Fol.61R ( Click on image to enlarge ), Pic 5 ) interpret that fate and colonial... „ Quetzalschlange “ bzw meaning `` lord of the dawn. used for divination, documents... Sometime after the Spanish conquest or in the business of creation connected with warfare sacrifices, and and! Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca, Huitzilopochtli, the mythical Aztec feather serpent four having been destroyed by flood, fire the. Our current time was considered to bring bad luck because it was also the patron of this lawbreaker. Through studies of iconography of different Mesoamerican cultures, in which serpent motifs are frequent god historical. The Days ) learning institutions for noble children and attributes of Quetzalcoatl red white... Cacao tree was the evening StarTlahuizcalpentecuhtli could only guard the sun as it crossed the sky...

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